Ship and port facility security regulations
In 1974, the International Maritime Organisation approved an International Agreement for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) which includes an annex containing the regulations and requirements for the safety of vessels and people. These regulations are mainly based on two documents:
To achieve the objectives included in the Code, governments should, inter alia, collect and assess information on security threats, require the maintenance of communication protocols for ships and port facilities, require ship and port facility security plans, and establish security systems and plans to deliver the appropriate level of ship and port facility security in a coordinated manner.
The following aspects need to be taken into account:
The Code applies to ships on international voyages (passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GT gross tonnage and upwards) and to port facilities serving such ships undertaking international voyages.
PORT FACILITY SECURITY LEVELS
The port facility should operate in accordance with three security levels. Security measures and procedures should be implemented within the port facility so as to minimise any inconvenience or delay to passengers, ships, ships’ crew and visitors, and the movement of goods and services, whilst remaining effective.
PORT FACILITY SECURITY ASSESSMENT AND PORT FACILITY SECURITY PLAN
Every port facility shall draw up an appropriate port facility security plan for the ship/port interface, including all three security levels. The plan, which must be approved by the corresponding government, should be developed following a Port Facility Security Assessment, which should be carried out beforehand, identifying the risks and threats affecting the port facility. This assessment will determine the vulnerability of the port facility.
The Plan should be drawn up taking into account the outcome of the Port Facility Security Assessment and the Code guidelines and should include, inter alia, measures to:
The State-owned Ports Body has developed a methodology for security assessment and drawing up port facility security plans, including an IT tool, called SECUREPORT, which has been approved by the Spanish Home Office.
PORT FACILITY SECURITY OFFICER
Every port will have a Protection Officer, although the same person could be appointed Protection Officer of more than one port. The Protection Officer of Port Installations(OPIP) must have the required training and experience so that is properly able to carry out his responsibilities.
Port facility security plan
The Port Authority of Castellon has carried out the Port Facility Security Assessment and drawn up the Port Facility Security Plan for the entire port which, in turn, includes the review of all the assessments and security plans of the port facilities in the Port Authority’s service area, so as to ensure protection against anti-social risks (attacks, hijackings, piracy, terrorism, etc.) and in compliance with the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code.
Access control for individuals
People wishing to enter the port are divided into two categories:
MEMBERS OF PORT OF CASTELLON’S PORT COMMUNITY
Port facility staff who have a Port Community identification card can access the port freely. There are different types of cards, depending on the staff and the type of access requested.
There are three types of authorisations, depending on the number of times access is required:
Port Community identification card. This may be requested from the Port Authority of Castellon for all staff employed in the port facility by filling in the application form and sending it to the Port Operations Department.
Visitor identification card. This card can be requested by the staff working for companies who require frequent access to the Port of Castellon by filling in the application form and sending it to the Port Operations Department.
Identification card for staff working for subcontractors. This is applicable to all subcontractors that have to carry out work for a specific period of time in the Port of Castellon. To apply for the cards, the subcontractor must send the application form by fax to the Port Operations Department. Prior to the start of the work, it must also facilitate additional information such as:
Should this card be lost or mislaid, the Port Authority of Castellon must be notified immediately, so a duplicate identification card can be requested.
No identification cards, in any shape or form, shall provide authorisation to access vessels or port authority facilities.
NON-MEMBERS OF PORT OF CASTELLON’S PORT COMMUNITY
People who are not members of the Port Community and who wish to enter the Port of Castellon must have a valid reason for doing so, and must have submitted the documentation requested under the following headings:
Monitoring vehicle access to the port
Vehicle entry and exit access control is carried out by a number plate reading system with a computerised database of authorised vehicles.
The Port Police may ask any person or vehicle seeking access to the Port for identification. Should their visit, or that of the vehicle they are driving, not be justified, or should a person refuse to provide identification if requested to do so by the Port Police, access will be denied.
Vehicle access will be subject to one of the following conditions:
Vehicles with a barrier-opening card. Vehicles that have this identification card can access the Port via the lanes set up for this purpose at the access control point.
Vehicles without a barrier-opening card. Vehicles that do not have this identification card must use the manual lane and show their identification to the security guard service, either with the identification card for access to restricted areas, or by means of a personal identification document to be checked against the list provided by the Port Police.
Other vehicles. As a general rule, entry to the port premises must be requested for all services and vehicles wishing to enter the port. Access should be requested by faxing the following information to the Port Control building and to the Port Security Officer at least 24 hours prior to arrival at the port: