Regulations for the protection of vessels and port installations.
In 1974 the International Maritime Organization approved an International Agreement for the Safety of Human Life art Sea (SOLAS) which includes an annex containing regulations and requirements for the safety of vessels and people. These regulations are based fundamentally on two documents:
To achieve the objectives set out in this Code, governments must, among other actions, collect and evaluate information about possible threats to maritime safety, and insist that all the communication protocols for vessels and port installations are maintained, insist on protection plans for vessels and for port installations and establish systems and protection plans to provide in a coordinated way an adequate level of protection for vessels and port installations.
Hay que tener en cuenta los siguientes aspectos:
RANGE OF APPLICATION
The code will be applied to ships being used for international voyages (passenger ships, cargo ships of 500 GT and upwards) and port installations which provide services to such ships.
PROTECTION LEVELS FOR PORT INSTALLATIONS
The port installation should be prepared to act with three Levels of Protection. The measures and procedures of protection will be applied in port installations in such a way that, without losing any degree of efficiency, unnecessary inconvenience or delay to passengers or ships crews or visitors to the ships, is kept to a minimum, as well as to the movement of goods and services.
EVALUATION OF THE PROTECTION AND PROTECTION PLAN OF THE PORT INSTALLATIONS
Every port will draw up a suitable protection plan for the interphase between vessel and port, which will include the three levels of protection. The Plan, which must be approved by the corresponding government office, must de drawn up on the basis of the results of a Port Installation Protection Plan, which must be carried out first, and which identifies the risks and threats which affect those installations and determine their level of vulnerability.
The Protection Plan will be drawn up taking into account the result of this Evaluation and the indications of the Code, and must include measures to:
State Ports has drawn up a methodology for the evaluation of protection and the drawing up of protection plans for port installations, which include the design of information technology tools known as SECUREPORT. These tools have been approved by Ministry of the Interior.
PROTECTION OFFICER FOR PORT INSTALLATIONS
Every port will have a Protection Officer, although the same person could be appointed Protection Officer of more than one port. The Protection Officer of Port Installations(OPIP) must have the required training and experience so that is properly able to carry out his responsibilities.
Plan for port protection
As far as threats of an anti-social nature are concerned (terrorist attacks, high-jacking, piracy etc.) and complying with the Protection Code for Vessels and Port Installations, the Port Authority of Castellón has carried out an Evaluation of Protection and a Plan of protection for the whole port, which covers at the same time all the evaluations and protection plans of Port Installations within the service are of the Port Authority.
Monitoring acces by persons to the port
People wishing to enter the port may be classified as follows:
PERSONS BELONGING TO THE PORT COMMUNITY OF THE PORT OF CASTELLÓN
Podrán acceder libremente los trabajadores de las Instalaciones Portuarias que dispongan de tarjeta identificativa de la Comunidad Portuaria, existiendo diferentes modelos en función del personal y acceso solicitado.
En función del número de veces que se vaya a acceder, existen tres tipos de autorizaciones:
En caso de pérdida o extravío de dicha tarjeta se deberá comunicar inmediatamente a la Autoridad Portuaria de Castellón, solicitando un duplicado de Tarjeta Identificativa.
Las tarjetas de identificación, en cualquier modalidad, no suponen nunca una autorización para el acceso a buques o a Instalaciones Portuarias.
PERSONS NOT BELONGING TO THE PORT COMMUNITY OF THE PORT OF CASTELLÓN
Toda persona ajena a la Comunidad Portuaria que acceda al Recinto Portuario de Castellón deberá tener un motivo justificado para hacerlo, habiendo presentado la documentación que se solicita en los epígrafes siguientes:
Monitoring access by vehicles to the port.
Monitoring the entrance and exit of vehicles is carries out through an automatic, number plate reading system; details of authorised vehicles are stored on computer.
The Port Police can ask for identification from any person or vehicle entering the port. If their presence cannot be justified,or if a person refuses to provide identification, then the Port Police will refuse permission to enter.
It is assumed that vehicles wishing to enter, do so for one of the following reasons.